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    Posts : 9
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    Join date : 2017-12-17
    Age : 19
    Location : Nigeria


    Post by suntex on Thu Dec 21, 2017 10:11 am

    We hail from one (or more, if ya parents are
    from different states na…lol) of the 36 states of
    the Nigerian federation. But, many of us do not
    actually know the meanings or the story
    behind the names of these states. Iyaniwura
    has brought that to you. Happy reading:
    As many might have guessed (yelz…lol), Abia is
    an acronym derived from the name of the four
    main groups of people in the state as at the
    time it was formed in 1991. These were the:
    Aba, Bende, Isuikwuato and Afikpo. Former
    Governor, Orji Uzor Kalu (hin too dey talk
    joor) is from Bende while Lambert Ndukwe,
    one of the richest men in Nigeria in the 50s
    (he imported stockfish from Northern
    European nations like Norway and exported
    cotton back) was from Isuikwato. Afikpo now
    belongs to Ebonyi State and as for Aba, we all
    know berra…lol! Okay, let’s roll!
    The area that is now Adamawa State was
    conquered by Modibbo Adama Bin Ardo
    Hassan, a warrior of the Ba’en clan of the
    Fulanis, in the beginning of the 19th century.
    Modibbo is a Fulani courtesy title that means
    ‘The Lettered/Learned One’ (in Hausa, it is
    Mallam). Modibbo Adama was also the regional
    leader of the Fulani Jihad led Uthman Dan
    Fodio in 1804. That made the Adamawa
    Emirate a vassal state of the Sultan of Sokoto.
    He hailed from the Gurin region (now a tiny
    hamlet) and got the green flag (to lead the
    jihad) in 1806. A man of humble beginnings
    (father was a local teacher and mother, a
    simple Shuwa Arab lady, according to some
    historians), he later founded Adamawa Emirate
    in 1809.
    A brave warrior of Dan Fodio, he fought at
    Ngazzargamu (capital of the old Borno Empire
    now in Yobe State) and was later ordered by
    his teacher, Dan Fodio, to return home and
    become the Lamido Fumbina (the Ruler of the
    Southlands in Fulfulde, the language of the
    Fulanis) and then carry out the jihad from the
    River Nile to the Bight of Biafra (shoooo!). He
    was followed back to his place by Hausa and
    Fulani (Toronkawa) fighters. Even trainers and
    instructors came from as far as the Maghreb
    (now Northwest Africa: Morocco, Algeria,
    Tunisia and Libya) and the Ottoman Empire -in
    the light of recent events in Nigeria, does this
    ring any bell at all? Think about that for a
    minute. Thereafter, he conquered many areas
    and regions (including incursions into
    Northern Cameroon where we now have
    mainly Fulani Muslims), moved his capital to
    Ribadu, then Joboliwo and eventually died in
    1847 in Yola, which he also founded but not
    after he had formed his new state which he
    named after himself. His tomb is in Gurin,
    Furore LGA till today and at the height of his
    power, Adamawa Emirate stretched 103,000 sq
    km as far as Lake Chad and had as much as 1.5
    million inhabitants. Expansion towards the
    south was prevented by the thick jungle and
    tsetse fly (dangerous to cattle). He also
    founded Garoua in northeastern Cameroon.
    Today, his descendants rule as the Lamidos of
    Adamawa, and the emirate is like the only one
    in the north in which Hausa is regarded and
    learnt as a second language. The current one is
    Muhammadu Barkindo Aliyu Musdafa (a former
    chairman of the Federal Radio Corporation of
    Nigeria) whose father, Aliyu Musdafa, was one
    of the longest-serving traditional rulers in
    Africa having spent 57 years on the throne.
    Adamawa (cattle breed), Adamawa Region (in
    Cameroon), the 4,000 ft-high Adamawa
    Plateau called Lesdihosere by the Fulanis (in
    Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic),
    Adamawa languages such as Chamba-Mumuye,
    Kim, Mbum, Wiyaa and Laal are all named after
    him. Okay, enough of Adamawa before my
    Akwa Ibom friends start to dey vex…lol!
    One of the richest states in West Africa and the
    homeland of my much-cherished Ibibio,
    Annang, Obolo and Oron friends, Akwa Ibom is
    named after a river, the Qua Iboe (or Kwa
    Iboe) River. About 20 miles to the entrance of
    this river is the popular Qua Iboe Offshore Oil
    Terminal and the Qua Iboe Onshore Oil Field
    (Oil Mining Lease, OML, 13) (btw, Oando owns
    40% of that).
    Translating Qua Iboe itself was not an easy
    task. Some records indicate that the river
    emptied itself around a settlement in Ibeno
    called Aqua Obio (meaning ‘Big Town’) but
    early European explorers corrupted it to
    become Qua Iboe. Today, Aqua Obio includes
    Mkpanak and its neighbouring settlements. The
    river itself originates from the Umuahia Hills in
    Abia State and travels for about 150 km before
    it flows N-S and then empties into the Atlantic
    Ocean through Eket, Ibeno LGA of Akwa Ibom
    State. Its maximum depth is about 10 metres.
    There are fears that discharges from the
    effluent treatment plants of the nearby Exxon-
    Mobil company are poisoning the fish and
    other organisms in the river with heavy metals
    such as mercury, cadmium, lead and
    chromium. That’s according to a very detailed
    study carried out in 2006 by scholars from the
    Medical Biochemistry, Chemistry and Animal
    Science of the Imo State University and the
    Federal University of Technology, Owerri. See
    the references if you are interested in the
    study. Ok, before I forget, Qua Iboe was also
    the site of Qua Iboe Mission, the third
    Protestant Church to arrive Nigeria in 1887.
    The interesting thing here is that the mission
    was founded by Samuel Alexander Bill, a British
    missionary and a Member of the British Empire
    who devoted his life to preaching to the Efik
    and Annang speaking people of the area. He is
    buried at Ibeno on the bank of the Qua Iboe
    River beside his wife, Gracie and his very first
    convert, David Ekong. Next!
    Okay, this is pretty straightforward. It was
    derived from the name of the Oma Mbala
    (Omambala) River (in Ibo, the native name of
    the river is Ànyịm Ọma Mbala). Anglicize the
    pronunciation and you have Madam NAFDAC’s
    homestate. The river is quite long o, about 210
    kilometers, it is a major tributary of the River
    Niger, the most important below Lokoja. Yep!
    Let’s keep rolling.
    Nicknamed the Pearl of Tourism (check out
    Yankari). ‘Bauchi’ is Hausa word meaning the
    southern flanks of Hausaland. Tribes living in
    the southern parts of the Hausaland were
    referred to as kasashen bauchi and the area
    they lived in later came to be known simply as
    Bauchi. Then, kasashen bauchi included the
    areas that we now call Bauchi itself, Plateau
    State, Northern Niger, Southern Sokoto (that
    includes Yauri and Zuru) and Southern Kaduna
    (hello to my Barnawa friends). It was a major
    center for the slave raiders of the day. In
    another rendition, the state was named for
    Baushe, a famous hunter who settled there
    before the 19th century while another states
    that ‘bauchi’ is Hausa word for slavery since it
    was a center for slave raiders. You decide.
    Famed for being the homestate of our dear
    President (where the First Lady also known as
    Mama Ice Cream is also a Perm Sec), Bayelsa is
    also the place of Samson Siasia and Finidi
    George. Let’s continue before we delve into
    football…lol! How the name came about is
    quite interesting. In the old Rivers State, it was
    the tradition to use acronyms when naming the
    local government areas (LGAs). For example,
    Brass LGA was simply called BALGA, Yenagoa
    was YELGA while Sagbama was just SALGA. And
    since it was the people of these three former
    LGAs of Rivers State that clamoured and fought
    for the creation of the state forming the State
    Creation Movement, the name that they finally
    agreed upon was this:
    BA + YEL + SA = BAYELSA. Simple. No long
    It is a word from the Batta language ‘Binuwe’
    which means ‘Mother of Waters’. Streams
    forming watershed from the Adamawa Plateau
    drain into this mighty river and it has its roots
    in northern Cameroon. Interestingly, the Benue
    (La Benoue in French, and it was also formerly
    called Chadda (Tchadda) River) has many
    tributaries in the Adamawa Emirate. These
    include the Beti, Kunini and the Lamorde.
    During the months of August and September,
    the river becomes very navigable as it reaches
    its widest and can stretch up to a mile from
    bank to bank bringing with it flood plain
    deposits of fertile soils that has made the state
    one of the best locations for farming in
    Nigeria. It reaches its lowest level in March and
    April and stretching for 1,400 kilometers, it is
    the longest tributary of the River Niger.
    It has been nicknamed the Home of Peace but
    you will agree with me that that has to be
    changed asap! The name was derived from
    ‘Borno’, an alternative name of the Kanuris who
    form the predominant ethnic group in the
    state. Kanuris are also known as Yerwa, Sirata
    or Beri Beri (known in places like Ilorin as
    Baruba or Bariba). However, another rendition
    has it that it means ‘Barr Nuh’, which is Arabic
    for ‘The Land of Noah’ as it was believed that
    the Ark of Noah landed there after the Flood.
    Some historians do not subscribe to this
    because they believe it is a fancy of some
    Arabists. You decide.
    First, it is Cross River State and NOT Cross
    Rivers State. And yes, it is Rivers State, not
    River State. Don’t get it twisted. The state took
    its name from the Cross River (known to
    natives as the Oyono, and the Manyu River in
    Cameroon). Flowing through swamps, creeks
    and inland delta, it joins the Calabar River to
    end up in the Atlantic Ocean.
    Obviously, it was named for the delta of the
    River Niger formed as it enters the Atlantic
    Ocean. The geographical feature formed when
    a river is about to enter a larger body of water
    like the sea or ocean is called a delta and there
    are various shapes.
    Known for having some of the nation’s finest
    rice, yams and richest salt deposits, the state
    was named after the Aboine River which rises
    from the Enugu Highlands and cuts through
    Abakaliki, the state capital. It was formed in
    1996 under the military junta of the late
    General Sani Abacha. Geographical name data
    supplied by the National Geospatial Intelligence
    Agency, a member of the United States military
    intelligence community shows the river flowing
    not too far from Afikpo too, with its main
    tributary being the Asu River. The river joins
    Cross River 10 km to the east of Afikpo (see
    references). During the colonial times, it was
    known as the Western Aboine River. One of the
    major activities along and on the river is sand
    quarrying. Ebonyi is home to the brilliant Nkwa
    Umuagbogho and the Amasiri-based
    Ojianyalere Dancers. You need to see their
    dances to appreciate. Mehn! They are superb
    dancers! Nigeria is such a rich country, only if
    we realize this and concentrate on real matters
    and not the irritating trivialities you see
    everywhere today. You can enjoy some of the
    dances here:
    v=BTaC8HQfW_k , Let’s go to Benin now…lol!
    12. EDO STATE
    Hmmmmn, Edo. Initially applied to mean the
    Bini people (they’ve always called themselves
    Edo or Iduu, after the progenitor of the Edo
    race) of the Benin Kingdom (which existed for
    about 1,000 years before the British
    conquered it in 1897), Edo today also means
    the land itself, the culture and the language. It
    also refers to the adjoining peoples, cultures
    and languages. The name appears in the royal
    title of the Oba of Benin, Omo N’Oba N’Edo
    Uku Akpolokpolo. I must chip it in here that
    many of the websites of Nigerian state
    governments were absolutely useless for any
    form of information gathering. Some were
    either propaganda pages for the governor or
    were just too bad -graphics and all. Some
    states did not even have any website! No
    online representation or presence at all! In the
    21st century, this is a shame. But I must say
    that a few states have very outstanding
    ‘Ekiti’ is a term that is said to denote a
    settlement of many hills. Hills are common
    geographical features in Ekitiland and are
    responsible for the division of Ekitiland into
    smaller kingdoms and subunits.
    Also known as Nigeria’s coal city, Enugu
    derived its name from two local words enu
    ugwu which means ‘top of the hill’. Amazingly,
    that itself is a derivative of the village of Enugu
    Ngwo, which is located just to the west of the
    city. Enugu City itself is not on the hill, it is
    actually at the base of a plateau but the village
    is situated right on top of the hill. I hope
    Governor Sullivan Iheanacho Chime will
    triumphantly conquer the particular hill he is
    climbing right now.
    Established as emirate during Jihad by Modibbo
    Buba Yero, a Fulani warrior and student of
    Uthman Dan Fodio in 1800, the modern-day
    Gombe State was carved out of Bauchi State.
    Gombe was known in the 1930s for its
    groundnuts and for cotton in the 1950s.
    Today nko? Gombe is mainly populated by
    Fulanis and the state has been named ‘Gombe’
    which is the dialect of Fulani language
    (Fulfulde)spoken in the area.
    16. IMO STATE
    This wonderful state is named after the Imo
    River (Imo Mmiri). Its main tributaries are the
    Otamiri (a very important river in the state
    too)and the Njaba, Ulasi, Oramirukwa rivers.
    According to some, there is a deity (alusi) who
    owns the river (provides water for fishing,
    transport and agriculture) and there is a
    festival for the goddess between May and July
    during which it overflows its banks. Imo Mmiri
    is also considered a goddess of fertility and is
    particularly respected in the Ngwa and Mbaise
    communities. A bridge crosses the Imo River to
    connect Rivers State and Akwa Ibom. One of
    the biggest rivers in Igboland, it starts from the
    Okigwe/Awka uplands and runs for about 240
    km before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.
    The state was named after its distinctively
    golden-coloured soil, Jigawa. Jigawa can also be
    translated to mean sand or sandy in Hausa.
    The colour is said to stand for the resilience,
    strength, determination and endurance that
    comes with living in the dry Sahel and Savanna,
    in which the state is located.
    In Hausa language, kaduna means crocodiles,
    in apparent reference to the ones living in the
    Kaduna River. Simple. Kada is singular for
    19. KANO STATE
    The legendary Kano Emirate was said to have
    been established around the AD 999 and it was
    named after Kano, a blacksmith of the Gaya
    tribe who settled in the area while sourcing for
    ironstone (from which iron can be smelted)
    around the Dalla Hill. Kano itself was initially
    called Dalla and would eventually be captured
    by the rampaging British in 1903.
    Founded in cc. 1100, Katsina was named for
    Katsina, the wife of Janzama, the local ruler at
    that time. She was also a princess of Daura.
    Of all the 36, I find Kebbi particularly
    interesting and controversial at the same time.
    According to the Kebbi Chronicles, the state
    was founded as a kingdom in 600 BCE by
    refugees escaping from the Assyrian Empire
    after its conquest by forces from Babylon and
    Medes. But that is not all o, in the Chronicles,
    Mesopotamian kings were listed out as the
    earliest ancestral kings of Kebbi. It was also
    deduced that Kebbi (Kabawa) was derived
    from the Holy Ka’aba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
    You really need to read up the scholarly and
    extremely detailed work of Dierk Lange to get
    the full gist (see reference on website).
    22. KOGI STATE
    The name ‘Kogi’ is a derivation of the Hausa
    word ‘kogi’ meaning ‘river’. The two biggest
    rivers in Nigeria, the Niger and the Benue form
    a confluence in the state. Quite simple, isn’t it?
    Created in May 1967 as the West Central State,
    the name was changed to Kwara (Kuwara,
    Quarra or Kowara), which is the local name
    that the Nupes have given to the River Niger
    which forms the northern border of the state.
    In Nupenci (Nupe language), Kwara means ‘Sea’
    or ‘Lake’ of the Nupes. The Nupes are some of
    the most amazing and enchanting tribes in
    Nigeria and they live on both sides of the River
    Niger (in Kwara and Niger States). For the
    Nupes in Niger State, the same river is also
    called Edu, and there are already agitations for
    the creation of an Edu State for the Nupes.
    Some Hausas also refer to the River Niger as
    ‘Kwara’ or Gulbi Nkowora (River Kwara). At
    almost 4,200 kilometers, it is the 3rd longest
    river in Africa. #CeendeeMiYeBs!
    Now to the legend, the smallest state in Nigeria
    but as you know na, gidigba o shilekun. In
    1861, the Oba of Lagos ceded the area to the
    United Kingdom thus becoming a colony and
    was named the Settlement of Lagos and
    Dependencies. The indigenous name for
    Nigeria’s most popular subregion was Eko (you
    can add Aromisalegbelegbe if you like) but in
    the 17th century, the name was changed to
    ‘Lago di Curamo’ by the Portuguese traders
    and explorers after a port in Portugal which
    bears the same name and then finally called it
    Lagos. ‘Lagos’ means lakes (lago = lake) in
    Portuguese and it was inspired by the many
    lagoons, rivers and water bodies in the state.
    The Portuguese were the first Europeans to
    reach Lagos in 1472. Till today, the
    Portuguese/Brazilian influence is still very
    much visible. Shebi you still remember Joao
    Esan Da Rocha and his descendants, Fernandez,
    Cardoso, Faustinho, Vera Cruz, Marinho and
    the rest na. Make una no go add Aguero for
    there o ;D
    There is an interesting story here. The founder
    of the old Nasarawa Kingdom, Makama Dogo
    had to form his kingdom before the river
    because doing so beyond the river would mean
    all his children would turn pagans. Thus, he
    cited the kingdom before the river and
    declared victory (Nasara is the Hausa word for
    victory) and then named the area ‘Nasarawa’
    meaning the ‘Victorious’. Please note: that
    Nasara (derived from Arabic) is also Hausa
    word for ‘Christian’ or ‘white man’ but that
    does not apply in this context. A very
    interesting dimension to the origin of the word
    ‘nasara’ is that it came originally from the
    Greek word ‘Nazaraios’ which meant ‘the man
    from Nazareth’. Later on, ‘Nazarene’ was the
    term used to describe the early Christians. This
    is a direct correlation to the fact that Christ
    Jesus came from Nazareth, thus the name for
    his followers.
    The largest of all the 36 in terms of area, the
    state was named after the River Niger, one of
    the longest in Africa. Called the nahr-al-anhur
    or the River of Rivers by the Arabs, the local
    Tuaregs would later modify the name to
    become ngereoun meaning the ‘big river’.
    When the Arab explorer, Leo Africanus wrote,
    he noted it in 1526 as ‘Niger’ which meant
    ‘black’ in Latin, like to mean ‘River of the
    Blacks’. (I hear you o! Exactly what is going on
    in your mind! LOL!) Especially when you know
    the meaning of Nigeria….lmao!
    27. OGUN STATE
    The state of MKO Abiola, Baba Iyabo, General
    Diya, Professor Wole Soyinka, General
    Donaldson Oladipupo Diya, Mike Adenuga (rtd),
    Fela, Tai Solarin, Obafemi Awolowo, Ernest
    Shonekan, Lateef Adegbite, Prince Bola
    (Bolasodun Adesumbo) Ajibola and many
    others is named after the Ogun River. The river
    courses through the state in a north-south
    direction before emptying into the Lagos
    Lagoon and it can be troublesome with its
    flooding. Among the Yorubas, Yemoja is the
    mother goddess of women (especially pregnant
    ones) and of the River Ogun. (Yemoja =Yeye
    Omo Eja, Mother of Fish-Like Offspring). For
    some, the river is still worshipped.
    28. ONDO STATE
    The state was named for the Old Ondo
    Kingdom. The people inhabiting the area were
    referred to as the Ondo meaning ‘the settlers’.
    (Kingdoms of the Yoruba by Robert Sydney
    Smith. P.52, see other references below or on
    the website).
    29. OSUN STATE
    The state was named after the River Oshun (or
    Osun), believed and worshipped by many as
    the manifestation of Oshun, one of the wives of
    Sango, the Yoruba god of thunder. There is
    annual Osun Osogbo Festival in honour of the
    goddess. It draws many from all over the globe
    and is usually quite colourful. The river itself
    drains into the Lagos Lagoon and the Gulf of
    Guinea (Atlantic Ocean).
    30. OYO STATE
    It was named after the Old Oyo Empire, one of
    the strongest in Africa. Now a much smaller
    kingdom, Oyo is headed by the Alaafin (the
    Owner of the Palace). Old Oyo was known as
    Katunga and is now a tiny location along the
    Kwara-Oyo border (a nice place for historical
    excursion if you ask me). The exact meaning of
    Oyo itself is shrouded in so much controversy,
    some accounts even suggest that the name was
    a foreign word imposed by the Nupe warrior
    king, Tsoede, when he conquered the Old Oyo
    Empire. And that’s where it gets murky.
    This extremely beautiful but scarred and
    injured state was named for the Jos Plateau,
    one of the most breath-taking in Africa. The
    Shere Hills form the highest point of the
    plateau at a height of about 6,000 ft. Rivers
    Kaduna, Yobe, Gongola and Hadejia all take
    their source from the Jos Plateau. I pray lasting
    peace comes to Plateau State and all of Nigeria.
    As Nigerians, we have all it takes to rule the
    world, only if we can shed our bestial
    tendencies and see the humanity in all of us.
    Enjoy this piece from the state, you’ll see the
    green beauty and the raw talent that abound
    in the state full of warm and hospitable people:
    A state criss-crossed by many water bodies,
    Rivers State (once again, it is not River State)
    was named for many of the rivers present in
    the area. Well, this is not funny at all, looking
    at the barrage of floods the state has had to
    face, especially in recent times.
    Named after the defunct Sokoto Caliphate, an
    empire that stretched from Burkina Faso to
    Cameroon. The Caliphate itself once consisted
    of more than 30 different emirates. Sokoto (or
    Sakwatto) is the anglicized version of the
    Arabic word ‘suk’ which means ‘market’ or
    ‘place of commerce’. Sakwatto Birnin Shehu da
    Bello means Sokoto, the Capital of Shehu and
    Bello, in reference to Shehu Usman Dan Fodio,
    the founder of the Caliphate and first Sultan of
    Sokoto. Mohammed Bello was his son and
    second Sultan. Upon his death, his brother,
    Abu Bakr Atiku took over.
    The 3rd largest state in Nigeria and the home
    of the Chambas, Mumuyes, Jukuns, Ichens,
    Wurkums, Mambilas and many others, the state
    was named after the Taraba River which rises
    from the hills around Gashaka flows into the
    River Benue as one of its largest tributaries. It
    flows along the southern flank of the state and
    is called Teraba in German (Germany actually
    tried to colonize that area and succeeded to an
    extent). Taraba itself is a word that has been
    given various meanings by the locals who bear
    it as a surname: from the Arabic taraba ‘to
    drink’, to ‘gardener’ or even ‘favoured by God’.
    35. YOBE STATE
    In a place called Fune in this state, there is the
    Dufuna Canoe which is 8,000 years old.
    Discovered in 1987 by Fulani herdsmen, it is
    the oldest canoe in Africa and the third oldest
    in the world but that is story for another day.
    The state was named after Komadugu Yobe
    (Waube or Ouobe) or River Yobe (or River of
    Yo). In Kanuri, ‘komadugu’ means ‘river’, ‘a mass
    of water’ or literally ‘water place’. It is also
    called River Yo or Yeou because it passes
    through a town of the same name and it enters
    Chad at the town of Bosso. Please note that at
    that time, Yo (or Yoo, Yeou) was the most
    important town in the region, crisscrossed by
    caravan traders while Wau (or Ouo) was just a
    small village to the east. Based on this, many
    historians believe that the proper name for the
    river is Komadugu Yobe and not Komadugu
    Waube. I hope you get the drift…lol!
    Mention Zamfara and the next thing that comes
    to the mind of many is Sharia…lol! Carved out
    of Sokoto State in 1996 by General Sani
    Abacha (the Khalifa), Zamfara State that we
    know today was once a bustling Hausa
    Kingdom from the 10th to the 18th centuries.
    Like Gobirawa, Kebbawa and Adarawa, the
    Zamfarawa people are one of the ethnic
    (actually, more of linguistic groups) in the
    state. Zamfarawa is one of the subdialects of
    Eastern Hausa linguistic group and that is
    where the name came from. In the past, the
    area was known for revolts, rebellions and for
    conducting extensive military raids into
    neighboring towns and settlements.
    See you o! Tired already? LOL! Ok, just one
    more. Or you thought I’d forget Abuja, the
    Federal Capital Territory? No! Nigeria’s capital
    city took its name from the ancient Hausa
    emirate of Abuja which itself was in turn
    named after a fortified settlement near Zuba by
    Abu(bakar) Ja in 1828 (meaning Abu the Red
    (or Fair-Skinned like some Fulanis), ja is the
    word for red or fair-complexioned in Hausa).
    In 1976, a panel headed by Justice Akinola
    Aguda selected Abuja as the new capital as
    Lagos was then suffering from overcongestion.
    Abuja was originally established by the ruling
    Hausa dynasty of Zaria in the 1600s. And did I
    tell you? ABJ is Nigeria’s first planned city.
    Okay, I guess that’s it!

      Current date/time is Wed Jan 16, 2019 2:02 am